Pilot Service -7

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Image credit snowchange
Pilot service name

Lake Ice Service for Arctic Climate and Safety

Objective

To provide NRT information on the ice conditions of freshwater lakes

Description

This service will provide near real-time information on the lake ice status for the middle and north Europe i.e. for areas where lakes get icecover regularly or at least sporadically.The information on lake ice status isparticularly important forcommunities living in the high latitude arctic or subarctic areas, as ice cover influences their daily life.This concernslivelihoods like reindeer herding and fishery, income by tourism industry (skiing,skating, swimming, fishing), shortening distances due to the ice-roads (related to easiness of everydaylive but also to the industry like transportation).And, essentially, changes in lake ice cover are relatedto Climate change.The ice cover is an important and sensitive climate change indicator associated with monitoring of itslong-term changes and yearly anomalies. According to Earth observation-based studies and in-situmeasurements,freeze-up is already occurring later in the year, and break-up earlier, shortening theseason of ice cover. Several models predict that global warming will continue to reduce the durationof cover and thickness of ice through the end of the 21stcentury in the Nordic-Baltic region. As cloudcover obscures the visibility of optical sensors to ground, there is an urgent need to develop anobserving system for lake ice that combinesin situand remote sensing approaches and data. We will fill this gap.